Abductive interpretation and reinterpretation of natural language utterances. by Susan W. McRoy

Cover of: Abductive interpretation and reinterpretation of natural language utterances. | Susan W. McRoy

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Pagination205 leaves.
Number of Pages205
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Open LibraryOL14763982M

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Abductive Interpretation And Reinterpretation Of Natural Language Utterances Article (PDF Available) October with 39 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Susan Mcroy. disallowing this explanation, the interpretation-as-abduction theory cuts off an extremely natural and successful approach to language interpretation.

Context in abductive interpretation Our proposal is that the interpretation of an utter-ance is an explanation of how the utterance creates a new context in which its content is both true and.

Abductive reasoning (also called abduction, abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference that starts with an observation or set of observations and then seeks to find the simplest and most likely conclusion from the observations.

This process, unlike deductive reasoning, yields a plausible conclusion but does not positively verify it. The book could be of interest to persons trained in, or studying, philosophy, formal or informal logic, the scientific method, medical diagnosis, or law.

Anyone interested in learning how to better understand, analyze and evaluate arguments that use abductive reasoning or inference to the best explanation should read this book/5(4). Abductive Reasoning, Interpretation and Collaborative Processes by In this paper we are going to investigate the role of abductive reasoning in the interpretation of natural language, arguing that the similarities go deeper than the ones shown in other works, a book is a man’s best friend.

Inside of a dog it’s too dark to read. Abstract. By determining those added assumptions sufficient to make the logical form of a natural-language sentence provable, abductive inference can be used in the interpretation of sentences to determine the information to be added to the listener's knowledge, i.e., what the listener should learn from the by: The “principle of economy” is crucial, because it provides the possibility of an “abductive shortcut” in the infinite process of interpretation.

At the same time the economy of hypothesis selection is the pragmatic standard, the “rule of thumb” of a rational interpretive attitude, underlying even the principles of coherence and.

On the Interplay Between Subjective Plausibility and Default Reasoning in the Context of Interpreting Natural Language Utterances Erich Rast [email protected] IFL, Universidade Nova de Lisboa Provide a model of enrichment by abductive inference on the basis of this graded belief.

Allen, James (). "Recognizing intentions from natural language utterances." In Michael Brady, Robert C. Berwick, and James Allen, editors, Computational Models of Discourse. The MIT Press, Cited by: Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Translation & Interpretation Books online.

Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. In spoken language analysis, an utterance is the smallest unit of is a continuous piece of speech beginning and ending with a clear pause.

In the case of oral languages, it is generally, but not always, bounded by nces do not exist in written language, however, only their representations do. The Pragmatic Construction of Word Meaning in Utterances 1 Dandi Li.

informativeness and efficiency in natural language processing (Horn’s () division of pragmatic labor) deserve particular mention.

The extended mechanism turned out to be The Processes and Mechanisms of the Interpretation of Size: KB. The book is a great, original, necessary and quite novel approach to interpretation studies from a linguistic and academic point of view.

Its structure is perfect from a pedagogical perspective. The exercises presented are numerous and varied in methodology and objectives/5(10). A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

reinterpretation: 1 n a new or different interpretation Type of: interpretation, rendering, rendition the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance n a new or different meaning Type of: interpretation, reading, version a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something.

Books shelved as interpretation: Interpreting Our Heritage by Freeman Tilden, The Year of Living Biblically: One Man's Humble Quest to Follow the Bible a.

Abductive reasoning may use non-sentential representations. Konolige's definition, like virtually all available accounts of abduction, presumes that explanatory hypotheses are represented sententially.

But we will now show that some abductive inference is better understood as using pictorial or other iconic representations. Visual abduction. McRoy, S.: Abductive interpretation and reinterpretation of natural language utterances.

Ph.D. thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto () Google Scholar Cited by: 7. Abductive, presumptive and plausible arguments The best place to begin is to describe what are usually taken to be the success criteria for all three types of inference.4 In a deductively valid inference, it is impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false.

Our approach to ontology-based interpretation of natural language is illustrated in Fig-ure It assumes that there is an ontology or set of ontologies with respect to which natural language input will be interpreted. is set of ontologies will be a mix of domain-independent.

“Environmental Interpretation involves translating the technical language of a natural science or related field inter terms and ideas that people who aren’t scientists can understand.” --Sam Ham, Environmental Interpretation, “Interpretation facilitates a connection between the interests of the visitors and the meaningsFile Size: KB.

Furthermore, can computers distinguish coherent from incoherent utterances, recognize new information in a sentence, or even draw inferences from a natural language passage.

Computer scientists, linguists, logicians, and indeed anyone curious about the role of meaning in human languages, will appreciate where questions such as the above lead. SEMANTIC INTERPRETATION OF THE UTTERANCES PRODUCED BY THE CHARACTERS IN ELAINE HOPPER’S SHORT STORY “BRAZEN” A Final Project (S1) Submitted in a Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for an Undergraduate Degree (SS) in English Language and Literature By VIKE MARTADINA FACULTY LANGUAGE AND CULTURAL File Size: KB.

The cognitive basis of utterance interpretation is an area that continues to provoke intense theoretical debate among pragmatists. That utterance interpretation involves some type of mind-reading or theory of mind (ToM) is indisputable.

However, theorists are divided on the exact nature of this ToM-based by:   Group of people having a conversation. CaiaImageJV/Getty Images. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks.

In linguistics, an utterance is a unit of speech. In phonetic terms, an utterance is a stretch of spoken Author: Richard Nordquist. Interpreting telegraphic utterances consisting of natural language and formula parts in a flexible manner is not only important for use in tutorial systems, but also for improving the accessibility and usability of formal systems in supporting domain by: the options returnedby the language interpretationmodule,and the decision procedures applied by the dialogue system.

In order to support the above capabilities, a discourse interpretation system should (1) maintain multiple interpretations, and (2) apply a ranking process to assess the rela-tive merit of each interpretation.

Language can be viewed as an instance of such goal-oriented behavior. Utterances are produced by actions (speech acts) that are executed in order to have some effect on the hearer. This effect typically involves modifying the hearer's beliefs or goals. Utterance does not have a precise linguistic definition.

Phonetically an utterance is a unit of speech bounded by silence. In dialogue, each turn by a speaker may be considered an utterance.

Linguists sometimes use utterance to simply refer to a unit of speech under study. The corresponding unit in written language is text. Inductive, Abductive and Pragmatic Reasoning John Bell Applied Logic Group Computer Science Department Queen Mary and Westfield College University of London London E1 4NS [email protected] Abstract This paper gives a modern version of Pierce’s distinction between induction and abduction, according to which they are both forms of pragmatic (orFile Size: 89KB.

NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERPRETATION DIT/TIN, Artificial Int elligence Peter Ljunglöf 26 Januar y, 1. TA B L E O F CO N T E N TS What is nat ural language. Natural Language Processing (NLP) Approaches Syntactic analysis (parsing) Syntactic ambiguity Why syntax, anyway.

Semantic representation, the Shr dlite way. NATURAL LANGUAGE INFERENCE: FROM TEXTUAL ENTAILMENT TO CONVERSATION ENTAILMENT By Chen Zhang Automatic inference from natural language is a critical yet challenging problem for many language-related applications.

To improve the ability of natural language in-ference for computer systems, recent years have seen an increasing research e. The book Introduction to Biblical Interpretation was a very enjoyable read. The authors William M. Klein, Craig L.

Blomberg and Robert L. Hubbard Jr did a very good job at conveying the topic of hermeneutics in a very detailed way yet not so scholarly that it wasnt readable. I feel that this book was very informative and covered a broad /5. This is a two-part talk. In the first part, we propose an approach to natural language inference (NLI) based on a model of natural logic, which identifies valid inferences by their lexical and syntactic features, without full semantic interpretation.

We greatly extend past work in natural logic, which has focused solely on semantic containment and [ ]. The book Ontology-based interpretation of natural language presents an approach to the interpretation of natural language with respect to specific domain knowledge captured in ontologies.

It puts ontologies at the center of the interpretation process, meaning that ontologies not only provide a formalization of domain knowlegde necessary for. to natural language utterances (and vice versa). There are two central issues for LoT from this perspective: (I) how do we acquire a natural language based on an innate mental language, i.e.

how is a natural language acquired on the basis of a mental language. (II) when we do have a natural language, how is the relation realized. In other words. Deduction is the familar form of syllogistic reasoning in which from true premises one can derive necessarily true conclusions by following the rules of deductive logic.

If all M are P, and S is M, then S is P. Induction draws conclusions which are not certain from multiple examples. For example, if all observed swans are white, an inductive conclusion is "all swans are white.". By introducing students to deductive inferences in natural language, the book breaks new ground pedagogically.

Cannon focuses on such topics as using a tableaux technique to assess inconsistency; using generative grammar; employing logical analyses of sentences; and dealing with quantifier expressions and syllogisms. Truth, Meaning and the Analysis of Natural Language xi notions of truth and reference that Casalegno regarded as both puzzling and indispensable were the realistic notions.

In the "Three Remarks on Truth and Reference" paper, Casalegno does (predictably) three things: first, he produces a very simple and clever a. This book studies interpreting between languages as a discourse process and as about managing communication between two people who do not speak a common language.

Roy examines the turn exchanges of a face-to-face interpreted event in order to offer a definition of interpreted events, describe the process of taking turns with an interpreter, and account for the.

Abductive reasoning synonyms, Abductive reasoning pronunciation, Abductive reasoning translation, English dictionary definition of Abductive reasoning. adj. 1. Derived by or designating the process of reasoning from facts or particulars to general principles or from effects to causes; inductive; empirical.From inside the book.

What people are saying - Write a Paul Ricoeur Limited preview - Interpretation theory: discourse and the surplus of meaning Paul Ricœur Snippet view - Common terms and phrases Discourse analysis Hermeneutics Interpretation (Philosophy) Language Arts & Disciplines / Linguistics Language Arts.language.

In this respect, the interpreta- tion of utterances involves the linguistic forrn of the utterance, contextuai assurnp- tions and the assumption that the speak- er is being relevant. The important question raised in this chapter is which aspects of the interpretation of an utter- ance are deterrnined by semantic factorsFile Size: KB.

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