Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions by S. A. N. Sheya

Cover of: Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions | S. A. N. Sheya

Published by Dept. of the Interior in Washington, DC .

Written in English

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  • Gold -- Metallurgy.,
  • Carbon, Activated.,
  • Cyanide process.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby S.A.N. Sheya and G.R. Palmer.
SeriesReport of investigations (United States. Bureau of Mines) -- 9268.
ContributionsPalmer, G. R.
LC ClassificationsUSBMRI#9268 1989
The Physical Object
Pagination7 p
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22072281M
LC Control Number89-600151

Download Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions

EFFECT OF METAL IMPURITIES ON ADSORPTION OF GOLD BY ACTIVATED CARBON IN CYANIDE SOLUTIONS By S. Sheya 1 and G. Palme,2 ABSTRACT The U.S. Bureau of Mines performed batch equilibrium contact experiments to examine the ability of activated coconut-shell carbon to adsorb various metal cyanide complexes.

Tests were also conducted. Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions (SuDoc I ) [Sheya, S. N.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions (SuDoc I Author: S.

Sheya. Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, (OCoLC) Table of ContentsPreparation of Activated CarbonPreparation of Contact SolutionsContact Test ProcedureResults and DiscussionEffect of pH on Metal Cyanide Complex LoadingEffect of Metal Cyanide Complexes on Gold LoadingEffect of Gold on Metal Cyanide Complex Loading We performed batch equilibrium contact experiments to examine the ability of activated coconut-shell carbon to.

influence, increasing the adsorption of gold onto the carbon [1]. Table 4 Effect of different anions on the adsorption of gold on carbon Anion % Gold adsorptiona S 2 O 3 2-(xM) S 2 O 3 2-(M) Cl-(M) ClO 4-(M) aAfter 8 h. Other experimental conditions were the same as for Figure 2 Time, hours 90 80 70 60 Cited by: The adsorption of gold cyanide from clear solutions was found to be characterized by intra-particle diffusion rate control, limited by a finite film mass transfer rate at low gold loadings.

When fine suspended solids are present it is shown that blinding of the carbon macropores is the likely cause of the reduced adsorption rate. The kinetics of adsorption of gold di-cyanide by activated carbon granules has been investigated extensively over the last two decades.

From these studies it emerged that the rate of adsorption of gold di-cyanide from aqueous solutions by activated carbon is controlled by mass transfer processes. Experimental evidence in support of the rate. terms what activated carbon is all about and how it adsorbs gold. The understanding of the mechanism of gold adsorption is important because the CIP/CIL processes work as a result of the gold adsorption mechanism, which is a chemical occurrence.

Factors that affect the adsorption of gold are discussed. Finally, performance monitoring methods. Acta () Fig. The effect of temperature on the Freundlich parameter A for the adsorption of gold cyanide onto activated carbon.

contains only one parameter (A), which makes it easier to quantify the effect of a factor such as temperature on the gold cyanide. The effect of Ag, Ni and Cu cyanides on gold adsorption on activated coconut carbon in cyanide leach solutions was investigated by synthetic cyanide leach solutions containing gold and other metal.

The effects of temperature, free cyanide and base metal (Cu and Ni) concentrations on the adsorption of PGMs from pregnant leach solutions onto granular activated carbon were therefore determined.

Common to most diffusion controlled processes, an increase in the adsorption rate of platinum, palladium and gold cyanide with an increase in. Numerous articles have appeared on the mechanism of the adsorption of gold cyanide onto activated carbon.

In contrast, little information is available on the mechanism of elution of the adsorbed gold. It is the objective of this article to formulate such a mechanism on the basis of batch and column elution tests without analyzing adsorbed species on the carbon directly.

The debate on the mechanism of adsorption of gold and silver di-cyanide onto activated carbon could be divided into two schools of thought. On the one hand, it has been proposed that the combined effects of electrostatic and chemical interaction between the activated carbon surface and adsorbing gold di-cyanide anion results in the adsorption of.

adsorption onto activated carbon, these effects include competing metal-cyanide complexes, preg-robbing and the mineralogy of the ore. This thesis considers these areas from an experimental and modelling viewpoint.

In this research it is shown that a variety of metal-cyanide species can be used to leach gold from certain refractory ores. Fig 3: Effect of copper cyanide on gold adsorption. Effect of Iron Cyanide on Gold Adsorption. Iron dissolves from the ore as a Fe(CN) 6 4-strong complex.

However this complex does not either adsorb on the activated carbon or prevent the adsorption of gold cyanide even at as high concentrations as ppm [5].

0 20 40 60 80 0 50 Tests were also conducted to determine the effect these cyanide complex impurities might have on the adsorption of gold by the activated carbon.

Metal cyanide species included in the investigation were antimony, arsenic, cadmium, calcium, cobalt, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, silver, thallium, and zinc. Tests were made over a ph range of to. Effects of the textural and surface properties of activated carbon on the adsorption of gold dicyanide.

Minerals Engineering, 13(5), /S(00) [ Links ] Sheya, S. N., and Palmer, G. Effect of metal impurities on the adsorption of gold by activated carbon in cyanide solutions (Vol. Ni has an effect on gold adsorption on activated carbon, however even at as high concentrations of Ni as ppm residual Au in solution is still below 1 ppm.

Cu addition up to ppm does not affect the gold loading significantly. According to the adsorption test studies, it is concluded that the metal-cyanides diminish the gold adsorption on.

resulting gold cyanide complex ions are then concentrated and separated from the slurry by adsorbing onto activated carbon. Elution is the next step in the process, whereby the adsorption of the gold cyanide complex onto carbon is reversed. Loaded carbon is removed from the CIL circuit and the gold stripped from the carbon using a.

Activated carbon is ideally suited to treating low grade ores and tailings by the carbon-in-pulp process and is rapidly replacing the use of zinc for recovering gold from cyanide leach solutions.

Coarse carbon particles derived from coconut shell adsorb up to 30, ppm Au as a gold cyanide complex and can leave barren solutions containing. The carbon is then generally subjected to a heated solution ( deg to deg F) of (1%) sodium hydroxide and (%) cyanide and the gold is re-dissolved and removed from the carbon surface.

At this point, the NaOH/CN solution is sent to electrowinning cells, where the gold. Effect of Metal Impurities on Adsorption of Gold by. Activated Carbon in Cyanide Solutions.

S.A.N. Sheya and G.R. Palmer. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations *This is a digitally archived version in PDF format. Upon purchase you will recieve an email containing a link to download your item. Modeling of the carbon in pulp (CIP) process in gold cyanide leaching plants In Eq.

10 k 1 is rate constant for gold adsorption and k 2 is defined as rate DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF THE CARBON-IN- PULP AND CARBON-IN-LEACH. The effect of Ag, Ni and Cu cyanides on gold adsorption on activated coconut carbon in cyanide leach solutions was investigated by synthetic cyanide leach solutions containing gold and other metal cyanides.

According to the adsorption tests Ag remarkably reduces the gold adsorption on activated carbon by competing with gold to adsorption sites. Among the most important application of activated carbon, the extractive metallurgy of gold in the stage of aurocyanide complex Au(GN)2~ adsorption can be mentioned.

The surface area, that depends on the diameter of the pore, is the most important property of the activated carbon.

The activated carbon has been used for a long time in the. The use of activated carbon and ion-exchange resins for recovering copper cyanide from gold leach solutions is compared in detail.

When using activated carbon, the overall cyanide. Table of ContentsCopper Recovery MethodsCarbon AdsorptionRegenerationCold StrippingCarbon Advance Rate Copper mineralogy contributes a significant load of metals to the carbon adsorption circuit.

Copper as [Cu(CN)2-] impedes adsorption of [Au(CN)2-]. If in high relative concentration, [Cu(CN)2-] loads faster than [Au(CN)2 ]; occluding adsorption space otherwise occupied by. Activated carbon and resins readily adsorb gold from cyanide leach solutions.

The main advantages of carbon are its high selectivity towards gold, its ease of elution and its large particle size. On the other hand, resins do not suffer from the problems of pore blocking by fine particles in the slurry and show superior adsorption kinetics and higher loading capacity for gold.

another material. Activated carbon is used to adsorb the gold out of solution. Because the cyanide ion forms very strong complexes with gold, it is the gold cyanide complex that is loaded onto the carbon rather than being deposited as metallic gold.

Activated carbon, or charcoal as it is now less commonly known, is made from organic material such. Among the most effective processes for the recovery of precious metals, specifically, gold is the use of activated carbon. Activated charcoal in gold recovery. When gold is dissolved in a cyanide solution, the best way to recover it is through the use of activated carbon, which is a viable alternative to the use of zinc.

in to activated carbon particles, so that even a small fi nes carbon retain the magnetic property. In this paper, the study of synthesized magnetic activated carbon by using iron sand as source of iron through precipitation method followed by the gold adsorption from the chloride solution and the effects of potassium cyanide and pH to the.

Activated carbon pore‐size distribution is an important parameter relative to the carbon's capacity for adsorbing humic substances. The effect of coagulation on adsorption also should be examined whenever granular activated carbon is to be used following coagulation.

variety of methods available, the cyanide The application of activated carbon for the adsorption and elution of platinum group metals from dilute cyanide leach solutions by C.A. Snyders*, C.N. Mpinga*, S.M. Bradshaw*, G. Akdogan*, and J.J. Eksteen† Synopsis The research presented in this paper investigated the practical.

The use of activated carbon adsorption method to treat wastewater has low cost, and it can comprehensively recover valuable metals such as gold while removing cyanide in wastewater.

The effect is very significant, which opens up a new way for the transformation from pure consumption sewage treatment to profitable sewage treatment.

zinc precipitation plant. Although activated carbon has been used in gold-silver recovery from cyanide solutions for several decades, the mechanism of gold adsorption on activated carbon is still not fully understood.

One theory is that the gold is adsorbed as the gold cyanide complex AU(CN)~- and. activated carbon for gold and silver over most other metal species, high loadings of non-precious metals can be achieved onto activated carbon in the absence of significant precious metal values.

Figure 1 reveal that, after one hour, Cu adsorption was roughly 5 per cent whilst Pt extraction was between 95 and per cent.

Very little is published on the adsorption of PGM cyanides onto activated carbon and when the effect of impurities such as base metals and thiocyanate together with a suitable elution method, are considered, no information could be found in the open literature. No difference could be seen between the adsorption of gold cyanide at 25 and A recovery method for base metal values (e.g.

copper) from ore slurry or aqueous solution, comprising forming a solution of a metal complex (e.g. cyano-copper) having an affinity for adsorption sites on activated carbon, adsorbing the metal complex onto activated carbon, and stripping the adsorbed metal complex by forming a reaction product with said metal complex, the reaction product having.

of gold and silver cyanide species to the carbon surface). The effect of solids pulp density, in relation to viscosity, and potential blinding of carbon surfaces and pores by fine ore particles.

Temperature, gold concentration, ph, other metals, dissolved oxygen. Carbon fouling by organic chemical species. • The initial rate of adsorption is. Aggregate Crushing Plant. Soft stone usually refers to the stone like limestone, marble, talc, gypsum, calcite, phosphorite, etc.

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Browns Assaying Metallurgy Fire Assaying Mining Geology book. Price $ Add To Cart Chemistry of Cyanide Solution Gold Mining Ore Treatment. Effect of Metal Impurities on Adsorption of Gold by Activated Carbon in Cyanide.Activated carbon is used to treat poisonings and overdoses following oral s or capsules of activated carbon are used in many countries as an over-the-counter drug to treat diarrhea, indigestion, and r, activated charcoal shows no effect on intestinal gas and diarrhea, and is, ordinarily, medically ineffective if poisoning resulted from ingestion of corrosive.precipitation), carbon adsorption, carbon-in­ pulp (CIP), Zadra (stripping and electro­ winning), and heap leaching.

Early Cyanide Chemistry As early asaqueous solutions of potassium cyanide were known to exhibit a solvent action ongold (Habashi, ). In Bagration producedthefirst scientific treatise on the subject.

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